By Kim Kee Lee Translated by Janice Li
The Cambridge Four were: Kim Philby, Donald Duart Burgess, Guy Maclean and Anthony Blunt. In fact that was The Cambridge Five, but the fifth members of the ring have not been identified. They were a group of Left-wing British Youth during their education at Cambridge University in the 1930s.They lost their confidence in British Democratic System, due to the influence of the European Nazi Shadow. They considered that Britain had no power to stand up to Nazi; the only resistance force was come from the Soviet Union. Therefore, they were easily recruited by the KGB, which was an intelligence agency of the former Soviet Union. They were KGB spies who incubated into upper class of the British society. They became devote fans to provide the information to the KGB, and believe that it was the only way to save the whole of United Kingdom.
The ultimate irony was that Kim Philiby was appointed to the British Secret Intelligence Service as a principle to deal with all the affairs of Anti-Soviet. British intelligence never dreamed that people responsible for anti-Soviet spy is actually a Soviet spy. McLean served as First Secretary of the British Embassy in Washington, Burgess and Blunt had magnanimous career, entered the Foreign Ministry and other vital government departments. What made the British Military Intelligence shame of? Those four "are trusted" insiders ", actually under the eyes of Britain's security agency MI5, spying confidential information for the Soviet Intelligence.
Their joint action can cause enormous damage to the Britain. But unexpected result was revealed to the Cambridge four; KGB never real trusted in them, even though they risked their lives to come to gather valuable intelligence. KGB never treated them seriously. Why? There is an old English phrase for this: “ too good to be true.” Similar to an old Chinese saying, a free pie is falling from the Sky. MI5 and other intelligence department are the world’s best spy agencies. Therefore, in the view of KGB, these four spies could be Double Agent and seeing them in playing cat and mouse.
Those four spies defected to the Soviet Union after their traces were uncovered. Their bad things never die.
The same is the top students from Cambridge University, Cambridge Seven and Cambridge Four were in common goal which was to give loyalty service to their own Master. Come along with different motivation and ending.
February 4, 1885, a dark and damp night, in a crowed Exeter Hall, there was a large map of China, hanged on the wall behind the rostrum. The size of map is the head from the hall to the other end of the hall.
After a time of Pray and Worship, the chairman introduced 7 young people to everybody. And those 7 were known as the Cambridge Seven. The next day, they left Britain, they came to the mainland of China as missionaries. They firstly arrived at Shanghai on the 18th March, then transhipped to inland. Their acceptance into the China Inland Mission is one of important events in 19 century. They influenced many young people to go to mission and appealing to their listeners to follow their example and follow Christ. In only four years, such a short time, the number of missionaries of then China Inland Mission from 160, were increased to twice. Total missionaries were up to 800 in 1900. The Cambridge Seven's influence extended to America where it led to the formation of Robert Wilder's Student Volunteer Movement.
All Seven’s missionary works greatly shake the Britain and the America. 100 years passed their works in "The Evangelisation of the World” is still has been teaching in theological colleges. The Cambridge Seven's testimonies are still inspiring many young people today.
The Cambridge Seven consisted of Sportsman, Nobleman, Richman and Military officer.
Charles Studd was born into a noble family. He is a cricket master-hand, played as a captain in Cambridge University cricket team. He graduated from Trinity College. As a British Christian missionary to China, he mainly preached in Shan Xi province. In 1894, He had to go back to his own country, due to health issues. He went to India and Africa doing mission and evangelism minsitry, after he was recovered.
Stanley Smith was born into Doctor’s family. He was graduated from Trinity College. He mainly worked in Northern China. He could speak fluent Chinese in his preaching. He died in Suzhou.
Cecil Henry Polhill-Turner attended Jesus College, Cambridge, before taking a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the Bedfordshire Yeomanry. In 1885 he and his brother, Arthur Twistleton Polhill, became affiliated with the China Inland Mission as part of the Cambridge Seven missionary band. Cecil Henry Polhill served in Sichuan mainly worked in north of Tibet . He and his wife was almost killed in a revolt. He had to return to his country due to illness, and 1938, he died in England.
Arhur Polhill – Turner , He pursued that better serving way is try to reach out to more people, he chose to live in countryside with high dense. He stayed in China during “Boxer Chaos” in 1900 till 1928, He was retired and backed to England. He died in 1935.
Dixon Edward Hoste was a second lieutenant in artillery. He was from a Royal Military Academy. He was the only one not study in Cambridge, among the Cambridge Seven.
He had longest stay in China, - 60 years. Following Hudson Taylor‘s China Inland Mission, He headed it up to 30 years. He once was sent to concentration camp by Japanese army. He was released in 1945.
W.W.Cassels. was Anglican curate at All Saint’s. He worked in Sichuan for 10 years, and then he became the Bishop of Western China. He died in Sichuan in 1925.
Montagu Beauchamp , graduated from Trinity College, he was 7th Baronet. He was evacuated from China during the Boxer Rising in 1900, but was back in China again from 1902 to 1911. His son became second generation missionary in china. In 1939, His died in his son’s mission station.
Putting knowledge, social status, admire talent of sports and to be a military officer in an important position, and to have pride from one of it. In that time, those seven young people gave up their grandest of life and prosperous future, and took a new road full of difficulties. They came to a strange country – China. Follow to Christ’s command to love Chinese people who call them foreign devil. They had simple diet and hard life in China. Those sceptics didn't look good on them, because of their advantageous background. They didn't only show five minutes passion, but also proved they were devout to their missionary calling. Everything turns out that even if difficult, challenging, experienced boxers and disease, they always stick to the mission and no one regretted.
The Cambridge Seven, through their praying life, dedicated themselves to the mission and to love Chinese people. They manifested God’s almighty and love. May God raise young people of this generation in China Universities, make them to carry on the spirit of the Cambridge Seven, Many and many outstanding young people of Beijing University , Qing Hua University, Zhejiang University, Fudan University, Xiaman University and others let them bringing the Gospel out of china along the Silk Road.